IP Ratings (Ingress Protection)
A two-digit number established by the International Electro Technical Commission, is used to
provide an Ingress Protection rating to a piece of electronic equipment or to an enclosure for
The protection class after EN60529 are indicated by short symbols that consist of the two code
letters IP and a code numeral for the amount of the protection.
Example: IP65 (NEMA 4)
The two digits represent different forms of environmental influence:
• The first digit represents protection against ingress of solid objects.
• The second digit represents protection against ingress of liquids.
The larger the value of each digit, the greater the protection. As an example, a product rated IP54
would be better protected against environmental factors than another similar product rated as IP42.
Ingress of solid objects
Ingress of liquids
||Protected against solid objects over 50mm e.g. hands, large tools.
||Protected against vertically falling drops of water or condensation.
||Protected against solid objects over 12.5mm e.g. hands, large tools.
||Protected against falling drops of water, if the case is disposed up to 15 from vertical.
||Protected against solid objects over 2.5mm e.g. wire, small tools.
||Protected against sprays of water from any direction, even if the case is disposed up to
||Protected against solid objects over 1.0mm e.g. wires.
||Protected against splash water from any direction.
||Limited protection against dust ingress.
(no harmful deposit)
|Protected against low pressure water jets from any direction. Limited ingress permitted.
||Totally protected against dust ingress.
||Protected against high pressure water jets from any direction. Limited ingress permitted.
||Protected against short periods of immersion in water.
||Protected against long, durable periods of immersion in water.
||Protected against close-range high pressure, high temperature spray downs.